Intelligence Quotient: Things that Parents and Educators MUST Know About a Child’s IQ
Since last week we talked about Emotional Quotient, this week I’d like to go through the concept of Intelligence Quotient and why it is important as well. I am one of the people who strongly feels that in order for your child to succeed, he needs to have a healthy balance of IQ and EQ.
The term ‘Intelligence Quotient’ or ‘IQ’ was coined by William Stern.
And since then, the world seems to be obsessed about their IQ! With people constantly trying to raise their IQ, and parents stimulating their children in different fields (mathematics, logical reasoning, etc.) so that they fall in the ‘Intellectually superior’ category.
But, I feel really sad the Intelligence or IQ has been linked just to academic performance!
Intelligence is a of two types:
According to Howard Gardner’s Theory of Intelligence, there are 7 distinct types of intelligence:
Visual-Spatial - Children high on this think of things in terms of physical space---seen in architects and sailors. The children are extremely aware of their environments.
Things they enjoy include: to draw, read maps, do jigasaw puzzles, daydream, etc.
They can be taught via verbal, drawings, and physical imagery.
Tools you can use: graphics, models, photographs, charts, drawings, 3-D modeling, video conferencing, video, television, multimedia, texts with pictures/charts/graphs.
- Bodily-kinesthetic - Children high on this use their body effectively---like a dancer or a surgeon. They have a keen sense of body awareness.
Things they enjoy include: movement, touching, making things.
They communicate well via body language and can be taught through physical activity, acting out, hands-on learning, role playing.
Tools you can use: real objects and equipment.
- Musical - Children high on this show sensitivity to rhythm and sound. They are sensitive to sounds in the environment and love music. They may be able to study better with light music in the background.
Learning tools you can use: speaking rhythmically, turning lessons into lyrics, tapping out time.
Tools you can use: music, radio, musical instruments, stereo, CD-ROM, multimedia, etc.
- Interpersonal - Children high on this have a better understanding and like interacting with others. These students find learning easier through interaction. They like having many friends, are empathetic toward others and are street smart.
Learning tools you can use: seminars, group activities, dialogues.
Tools you can use: audio conferencing, telephone, attention and time from the instructor, writing, video conferencing, computer conferencing, E-mail.
- Intrapersonal - Children high on this have an understanding of one's own interests and goals. They also tend to shy away from others and are in tune with their own inner feelings. They have intuition, wisdom, and motivation, coupled with confidence, strong will, and opinions.
Learning tools you can use: independent study and introspection.
Tools you can use: books, diaries, creative materials, privacy and time.
They are the most independent of all the learners.
- Linguistic - Children high on this use their words effectively. They have highly developed auditory skills and think in words. They like to read, play word games, make up poetry or stories.
Learning tools you can use: encouraging them to say or see words, read books together.
Tools you can use: computers, tape recorders, multimedia, games, books, and lecture.
- Logical -Mathematical - Children high on this are good at reasoning and calculating. They think abstractly and conceptually, and are able to see as well as explore patterns and relationships. They like to solve puzzles, experiment, and ask cosmic questions.
Learning tools you can use: logic games, mysteries, investigations,
Tools you can use: Helping them learn and form concepts before they can deal with details.